Lead Institution:  Cranfield University
Partner Institution: 
University of Sheffield
Industrial Partners:  European Remanufacturing Council,  PSS,  Ellen MacArthur FoundationHigh Speed Sustainable Manufacturing Institute and the Manufacturing Technology Centre
Project Team:  Dr Fiona Charnley (PI) (Cranfield), Professor Ashutosh Tiwari (Sheffield), Dr Mariale Moreno (Cranfield) and Dr Windo Hutabarat (Sheffield)
Project Duration: 12 months (01 June 2017 – 31 May 2018)

End of Project report_Circular 4.0

Case Study_Circular 4.0

The project is the first to demonstrate how digital data can be used in the development of a decision support system, to facilitate the adoption of circular strategies in the context of the automotive sector.


Simulation to Enable a Data-Driven Circular Economy, Charnley F, Tiwari D, Hutabarat W, Moreno M, Okorie O and Tiwari A. Sustainability 2019, 11(12), 3379; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123379